Group 2@Lille : Debate, pros and cons Globalization?

Pros and Cons Globalization ?

Pros

  • The expansion of cultures worldwide as food, beverage, architecture… We can talk about ‘Americanization’ but there is also a ‘Frenchization’ abroad, or a ‘Chinization’ in almost all country there is for example French wine or Chinese noodles..
  • Travelling is easy. Nowadays flying to Shanghai or New York or Indonesia is as easy and as expensive that going in London or Toulouse.
  • International work opportunities is one of the most important advantage of the globalization. Companies try to decrease their production costs with warehouse, suppliers and production lines in low cost countries.
  • A diversity in each country, globalization bring the best of each culture and countries to share it in all the world and every country, for instance french food, american movies, japanese video games…
  • Reduction of the social gap between developed countries and emergent countries.
  • Recreation and hobbies are enriched thanks to the opening of the world. For exemple, sports, cultural events and shows broadcast in live bringing people together.

Cons

  • There is a huge Demographic risk. In fact, we will see a surplus of workers and extent of labor shortages in some countries. It’s a threat for the global economy.
  • Environmental risk, we produce and consume a lot but without thinking about the environment. Pollution is increasing by the productivity rush of each country.
  • The end of a real ‘traditional life’. When you travel throughout Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodge, Laos, there is a ‘fake traditional life’ for tourists. Those countries lives mainly thanks to tourism but they also have to adapt their food, houses, hostels… for tourists and you realize when you go to places without foreigners that certain cities do not have the original shape. (example : Kuta Bali or Ubud).
  • Support an economic system based on hyperfinance where the gouverments allows the risky investments and especially the speculation on essential needs
  • Big monopolies in industries such as aircraft, energies… The end of start up in those industries, they can make their own prices, no competition. And this is people like us in every country which will suffer of this ‘tyrannie’
  • Globalization facilitates the transport of bad things such as AIDS, Ebola, diseases, guns and weapons or drugs

Group 2@Lille : Hungary suspends gas supplies to Ukraine under pressure from Moscow

theguardian.com, Friday 26 September 2014

Budapest has announced that it will freeze its gas deliveries to Ukraine, as the Hungarian prime minister, Viktor Orban, said his country could not afford to run the risk of losing its own Russian gas supplies.

“Hungary cannot get into a situation in which, due to the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, it cannot access its required supply of energy,” Orban said on state radio following threats from Moscow.

Hungary’s gas pipeline network operator FGSZ said late on Thursday that it had suspended supplies to neighbouring Ukraine indefinitely for technical reasons, a move Ukraine’s state-owned gas firm Naftogaz described as “unexpected and unexplained”.

Orban’s statement followed a warning from Moscow that it could cut off European countries that have been re-exporting gas to Ukraine to help Kiev cope with Moscow’s energy sanctions.

The threat came as energy chiefs gathered in Berlin for EU-mediated talks aimed keeping Russian gas supplies to Ukraine flowing and preventing parts of the country being left without winter heating.

The European commission rapped Hungary, an EU member state, for cutting off its so-called reverse flow supplies to Ukraine.

“The message from the commission is very clear. We expect all member states to facilitate reverse flows as agreed by the European council in the interest of a shared energy security,” the commission spokeswoman Helene Banner said in Brussels.

The Hungarian move came days after a meeting in Budapest between Alexei Miller, the head of Russian gas giant Gazprom, and Orban, who often warns against damaging commercial relations with Russia.

“In the next period we will need large quantities of gas … We will receive this, I agreed this with Alexei Miller,” Orban said.

Russia is Europe’s biggest gas supplier, with Hungary one of 12 eastern and central EU member states that rely on Moscow for more than three-quarters of their gas.

Price disputes between Russia and Ukraine have led to cuts in supplies to Europe twice in the last decade.

The EU began reverse flows of gas through Hungary, Poland and Slovakia when Moscow ended all gas sales to Ukraine in June. Kiev had balked at paying a higher price Moscow imposed in the wake of ousting in February of the Kremlin-backed president Viktor Yanukovych.

Russia’s energy minister, Alexander Novak, told a German newspaper on Friday that reverse flows of Russian gas to Ukraine were illegal and could leave some nations without Gazprom supplies for the first time since 2009.

The EU insists the deliveries are legal.

Naftogaz has said Hungary’s decision to halt deliveries “goes against the core principles of the European Union single energy market”.

Group 2 @Lille: How does a local product, full of tradition, become a real actor in the global market? Example of the Abbey’s beer

How does a local product, full of tradition, become a real actor in the global market? Example of the Abbey’s beer.

Introduction:
Why we had chosen this subject ?

I) Belgian’s beers history

1- A success built over centuries by a multitude of traditional breweries
2- This tradition includes monasteries
3- With this knowledge Belgian beer has never been more popular abroad

II) Anheuser-Busch InBev expansion

1- Why they decided to export?
2-Success keys for exportation
3-Adaptation to countries or not ?

III) Beer Worldwide market 

1- Beer market by country
2- Inbev in the world

Conclusion