EI – group 3@Suzhou : Erasmus gives Europe opportunity, love and babies

http://www.dw.de/eu-erasmus-gives-europe-opportunity-love-and-babies/a-17940563

 

EU: Erasmus gives Europe opportunity, love and babies

The Erasmus program has given Europe a million babies. A study of the 27-year-old student exchange showed that over a quarter of people who took part had met their current life partner during their studies abroad.

Erasmus von Rotterdam Gemälde

One in three Erasmus students hooked up with people from other countries – three times the rate of those who stayed in their native lands for university – the EU announced Monday, that revealed a whole lot of love, or something similar, among multinational scholars. The mingling has created something of a baby boom.

Androulla Vassiliou, the European commissioner for education, said that the EU “estimates that around 1 million babies are likely to have been born to Erasmus couples since 1987.”

EU officials say the program’s achievements go beyond spawning dual-nationality babies: It also creates jobs. With unemployment affecting one in five young people in a Europe increasingly gripped by economic stagnation, EU officials say the Erasmus scheme also plays a vital role in increasing the job prospects of students who take part.

“We can see from this impact study that young people who have been part of the Erasmus program are less likely to experience long-term unemployment,” European Commission spokeswoman Pia Ahrenkilde Hansen said. “It is a great encouragement to young people to go and live abroad and open up to all the opportunities that exist if you are willing,” Hansen added, not just referring to economics: She called the million babies a “touching little figure” that showed how the scheme “creates a lot of positive things.”

‘Erasmus generation’

Forty percent of Erasmus students moved to other countries after graduating, compared to 23 percent of those who stayed in their home countries for university, according to the study, which surveyed more than 75,000 students and organizations in 34 countries. The program – named after Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam, a Dutch philosopher who traveled around Europe during the Renaissance to further humanist thinking – involves the 28 European Union members plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey.

Federica Mogherini

A former Erasmus student, the diplomat Mogherini ended up marrying a fellow Italian

The Italian foreign minister and incoming EU diplomatic chief Federica Mogherini is herself a member of what Prime Minister Matteo Renzi calls the up-and-coming “Erasmus generation.” She wrote her thesis on Islam and politics while on an Erasmus exchange in Aix-en-Provence, France.

In total, 3 million students and 350,000 teachers have taken part in the program, according to the European Union. A further 4 million people will get support from Erasmus to train or study abroad over the EU’s next budget period until 2020.

mkg/msh (AFP, dpa)

Group 2 CFM @Paris – Globalization: Pro or Con ? The impossible choice

Globalization is an ongoing process that we can not coop with. It touches most of our economic systems, has impacts development, growth, wealth but also culture, society, politics and so on…

We all agree that although we are pro or against globalization, it affects us every day directly or indirectly and will affect us as we discussed for example previously on our professional future.

It is not so evident to balance all pro and cons argument to decide wether or not globalization is a good process that we should accept or one we should try to stop and avoid. However we agree on some pro and con arguments concerning this process.

Here is an extract of some common arguments we agree on:

121017_romeny_obama_debate-point-rtrs_605

 

 

 

 

Pro=
-it brings competitiveness and efficiency
-it drives the freedom of the society
-helps developing Education, Infrastructure and stimulates Innovation, Research, Development, training
-To some cases if all other factors (political willingness, low corruption, wealth distribution, infrastructure development, R&D, Education, Training) are combined it brings growth and development
-allows better integration of cultures and society

Con=
-it leads to income inequality and wealth concentration
-by driving the economy free markets ends up by leading the world and driving politics, benefiting to companies and not people
-growth is not sustainable and not inclusive
-its bring volatility and uncertainty over markets and economies with high repercussions on people and society
-it enhance tensions between nations and people

Our conclusion is that Globalization is not a process we should support or avoid, it requires a blend of pro and con views to mitigate its bad side effects on economy, people and society and enhance its benefits. Indeed shall we make the invisible hand a bit more visible when needed ?

Group5 Paris PPMBD – Globalization’s Pros and Cons

                Globalization has a great impact on culture. It leads to wide spread of western culture all over the world. Culture relates to language, beliefs, customs and traditions. Many languages are getting disappeared due to wide spread of English all over the world. From the last few years the study in English was made mandatory in many developed and developing countries.

The wide increase of social media and blogs had great impact on culture in many countries. The countries like china and Iran have blocked many social media sites and blogs due to the decrease of their culture and values.

The globalization is making the world more heterogeneous and often homogeneous too, by creating the harder connections between the cultures of different countries. For example, the handshake, the western culture of greeting people had become the most common way of greeting in the culture based countries also. And the Japanese sushi can be taken by any country in the world. But many religious heads of different countries have been trying to fight against the globalization as they thought that the globalization is killing the tradition values. Many countries made it mandatory to wear the respective country’s traditional dressed as dress code to enter into their religious places like temples, mosques etc.

The globalization had created the positive impact on the personal values and negative impact on the cultural values. The education and development of women in many countries have raised incredibly in many countries due to the increase of globalization. Coming out of the traditional values many parents have taken the decisions which leads to the personal development of their girl child rather than the culture. Due to the increase of studying in abroad, all the cultures and values are becoming familiar to all the countries.

The intercultural marriages also play the vital role in the increase of globalized values so that one can respect the values and adapt to the others culture which leads to the mixtures of two cultures to the next generation.

The globalization had created the new culture of food habits all over the world. Mainly the culture based countries like India had great impact on it. The western food cultures and western food habits have been adapted by the people in these countries. This brought the world under one roof.

So finally the globalization seems to be a treasure of cultures so that every culture respects the other and the adaptation of different cultures seems to eradicate the cultural differences all over the world.

           Globalisation will have a greatest impact on political, economical, and ideological characters which became a threat to the cultural diversity. The rise of globalisation leads to population shifts and cultural clashes. Due to the fast increase of globalisation, the society was failed to adapt and adjust to the different cultures and this lead to the clash of cultures in the society.

 As the globalization increased the migration of people between the countries, in some countries it leads to local and non local issues, which results in the un-expectable changes in the society and human nature. For example, from the past few years the Indians in Australia have been murdered by Australians with the open reason that the Indians are earning more than the local Australian non employees in Australia. And as the media became international, all the news over the world was brought to us in the fraction of second. It was very useful in some contexts and in the same phase it leads to the illness of cultural stability.

As the western tradition is very attractable and easily adaptable to the youth, it lead to the loss of traditions in many countries, which lead to the autocratic leadership of government. Though the Asian countries of beware of the western tradition in the past, the pub and party culture was slowly getting rose in those countries. Many countries like Thailand, Pakistan and some other Asian countries were governed by the military due this loss of traditional values. Recently, the Thai government was handled by the military, and they banned all the entertainment channels and theatres and strictly ordered that the western culture seen ever will be punished severely.

In countries like India many organizations have taken place as the youth are not giving respect to the traditions of India, and they adapted the power to save the Indian tradition in the violent and non violent manners.

Cultures and traditions in any societies are valued for their beliefs and practises.  The follow of these beliefs and traditions will be more to an extent in developing countries than the developed countries. Many people argue and agree that this globalization leads to the rapid loss of local languages, art, and music.  Due to the fastest increase of technology, may it have a lot of uses to make the works and severities easier, but many under developing countries argue that the wide increase of the technology lead to the loss of cultural and traditional values as the western culture is adapted by the youth and it is directing the youth in a wrong manner.

Group 1 – Sophia Antipolis – AMAIS – Scotland and the Centrifugal Force of Globalization

By Phil Evy, Septembre 15th, 2014

The possibility that Scotland may vote this Thursday to withdraw from the United Kingdom threatens to upset some of the most basic economic and political structures of the current world order. It is remarkable that this tumult could emerge from a region with a population just over half that of metropolitan Chicago. It is also remarkable that this could happen at a time of supposedly inexorable globalization.

As the Scots think about moving beyond the pale, one can think back to early uses of that term and what a union had to offer. An individual settler living beyond organized civilization needed to worry about challenges such as food and self-defense. If a settlement was subsumed into a more powerful union, those needs could be met by others, so the offspring of the settlers could turn to engineering, law or medicine. Under the comforting umbrella of civilization, life was not as daunting as it had been outside.

This might seem an odd argument to describe the dynamics of Scottish secession. After all, isn’t the whole idea that they will venture back outside and risk losing the comforts of membership in the UK?

Perhaps, but the world beyond the pale has changed. If Scots look around, they probably do not see small, lonely, bedraggled states in search of shelter. Instead, they see regions such as Slovakia or Croatia readily finding a place within the European Union. (Note that each was once part of a union that split — Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, respectively.) Since Scots are already EU members through their UK citizenship, this might seem like a free pass.

The European Union is wary of serving as a divisive force. In 2012, European Commission head Jose Manuel Barroso said that any region that split off from an EU member state would not have automatic EU membership upon independence. EU members such as Spain and Belgium are particularly eager to quash any precedent that might inspire regions such as Catalonia or Flanders. It is not clear, though, how credible such discouragement would be in the wake of a Scottish secession vote. Barring an ongoing dispute with the remainder of the UK (of the sort that keeps Macedonia out of the EU), it seems likely that the EU would welcome back its former citizens once the damage was done.

In the wake of polls last week that showed Scottish secession to be a real possibility, there has been an outpouring of economic analysis considering what an independent Scotland’s prospects might be and the challenges it would face. Paul Krugman is one of many who focused on the question of currency. Scotland currently uses the British Pound and the nationalist leaders have proclaimed their intention to continue in this tradition. Krugman and others are right to point out the myriad problems with this plan. While an independent Scotland could simply declare the pound its currency (as similarly-sized El Salvador did with the U.S. dollar), it would not have any say in monetary policy and would not be able to turn to the Bank of England for the other services a central bank provides, such as “lender of last resort.” Krugman concludes:
In short, everything that has happened in Europe since 2009 or so has demonstrated that sharing a currency without sharing a government is very dangerous. In economics jargon, fiscal and banking integration are essential elements of an optimum currency area.

I agree with him on this point, but it is worth noting that this contradicts some fundamental tenets of the modern European Union. The euro zone has a currency union but has made only limited and inadequate moves toward fiscal or banking union. It is true that small countries who join the euro zone nominally have a say in monetary policy, but Malta cannot really believe it has that much sway. If the Scots buy into current European doctrine, they are unlikely to be dissuaded from leaving on currency grounds.

That said, there are plenty of other reasons for concern. Some important ones have to do with some subtle differences between EU and UK membership. One surprising one has to do with pensions: Companies that straddle Scotland and England currently follow one set of pension rules (those of the UK). If Scotland and England were to be separate countries within the EU, then EU regulation would apply and could face shortfalls of billions of pounds in pension funding. Financial arcana such as this may help explain why major companies have threatened to leave Scotland if the push for independence prevails.

Given the circumstances, it would be dangerous and foolish for Scotland to leave. But it does demonstrate a perverse implication of the push for ever tighter European integration: The creation of a continent-wide umbrella can make a national umbrella seem redundant and encourage a region like Scotland to step out from under.

Source : http://shadow.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2014/09/15/scotland_and_the_centrifugal_force_of_globalization

Group 1 – Sophia Antipolis – AMAIS – Globalization Pros and Cons

Today, we live in a globalized world, whatever we agree or not with it. Here are some points, for and against globalization:

Pros
– Make exchange easier (trade, finance) cheaper production, make some business possible
– Open to the world, easy to discover new culture,
– Cultural mix
– You can pay everywhere in the world
– Political reinforcement, solidarity
– Develop new fair trades

Cons
– Disparition of some culture for only one
– Some countries loose some power
– Increase wealth gap
– Power for only one elite who decide for everybody
– Increase systemic crises

Group 9@Sophia: Globalization Pros and Cons

We have debated with each other on the pros and cons of globalization. We made a kind of brainstorming based on our experience, our thoughts and what we have learned from the globalization course.

Basically there are two schools that are opposed concerning the effects of globalization:

  • The pros: Liberal and neo-liberal schools
  • The cons: Neo-Keynesians

It has been quite difficult to find some final « end » or solution to such a debate as almost everyone has a mixed position. We all think that some arguments of the pros can be understood and are valuable. However it is definitely wrong to be too optimistic or naive about the benefits of globalization. It is actually the case for almost all economic and social phenomena, i.e. capitalist economy or democracy; there are always pitfalls and negative sides. That is a fact.

Keynes’ input is correct, as there is definitely a need for a state intervention at some point to regulate the globalized economy. However, it is clearly complicated to find powerful, transparent and committed global institutions. This would mean institutions able to have a real positive impact without disrupting market “natural” mechanisms.

Nevertheless, the current system is not perfect but it is for sure the “best system”. This can be compared to democracy for example, which is seen as the «best possible » system. Now, what is important is not to stand for or against globalization. It is more about being able to maintain regulations and adapt organizations in order to keep most of the benefits of globalization.

Let’s use an example to illustrate this statement. Today, multinational companies are clearly benefiting from the global market to reduce their costs and optimize their manufacturing process and supply chain. This is absolutely positive and constructive since it is profitable for companies. They are decreasing their costs but also targeting new markets, which is also profitable for other countries. However, there must be clear international and harmonized regulations and state intervention in order to prevent from abuses.

This is the general way of thinking that has been mostly evoked during the debate. We all agreed on this. Globally, this idea can be applied on many other fields and aspects of the Globalized economy. Therefore both sides have to be merged in order to have a complete analysis of what globalization is.

Pros and Cons Globalization

Globalization is a matter that everyone talks about this days and it will continue to be a big challenge for the next decade. We can see through this document different types of debates, against or for it but the one thing that is sure is that globalization will always be among us. In this article we are exposing our pros and cons concerning globalization.

Pros

  • It will favor the development of trade. And trades are correlated with the GDP. By developing international trades countries develop their GDP.
  • Globalization helps countries increasing their competiveness. That will then intensify the growth of the country and the well being of the people.
  • NTIC is something that has been driven by globalization. People need to connect with each other because they are now working together and this has to be as simple as possible. Companies kept on pushing the development of NTIC because this is one of the perfect ways to connect with each other all around the world.
  • Development of free trade zones and monetary zones. This is part of globalization, more and more countries gather together in order to be more stable and have stronger economies.
  • More peace around the world: globalization helps us understanding more how others are thinking and this brings peace in the world. Since we understand the others, we are more tolerant towards them.
  • You can now do more economies on a global scale. You can divide the production of one product between many countries: that way you have bigger scale economies effects and you use the real specialization of each one of those countries. We can take the iPhone for example.

Cons

  • Job destructions in developed countries, even if there is new types of jobs created. People are not always able to adapt.
  • Higher competition between people and companies. Now companies and people have to think that they are in competition with the entire world.
  • The globalization favors the fiscal evasion, because it is harder to follow the movement of cash.
  • Globalization helps creating the idea of “to big to fell”. This is a big problem because we have seen in 2008 that the “to big to fell” doesn’t exist. This can create a problem of trust in the different countries.
  • Higher risk of epidemics: now people travel all around the world, all the time. People can bring back dangerous diseases. This is something difficult to control when people are crossing the borders.
  • Problems of wealth gap. Globalization makes countries get richer, but the problem is that this money added doesn’t always go into the pocket of poor people. In fact most of the time the wealth that has been created goes into rich people pocket and this increase the wealth gap.
  • Linked economies can also be dangerous as we can see with the sanction that UE took against Russia. It is difficult to have sanctions against Russia since our country has a lot of investments in Russia and we use a lot of gas and petrol they are producing. It is than difficult to take measures against a country with who we are linked.

Group 37@Sophia: Advantages and disadvantages of Globalization

Below are some advantages of globalization :

1. There is a worldwide market for the companies and for the customers there is a better access to products from different countries.

2. There is a steady cash flow into the developing countries, which gradually decreases the dollar difference.
3. Due to the presence of a worldwide market, there is an increase in the production sector and there are lots of options for investments for different companies.
4. Gradually there a world power is being created instead of compartmentalization of power sectors. Politics is merging and decisions that are being taken which are actually beneficial to people all over the world.
5. The influx of information between two countries increases, especially those nations who do not have anything in common between them.
6. Cultural intermingling increases and every nation tries to know more about the other nations cultural preferences. In this process, we are actually coming across things that we like and in the course of time adopt it.
7. Since we share financial interests, corporate and governments are trying to sort out ecological problems for each other.
8. Socially we have become more open and tolerant towards each other and these who live in the other parts of the world appear more approachable than before.
9. There is a lot of technological development that countries have undergone over the years. Thus, helping in sharing of information and technology. This helps most of the developing nations progress at the same speed as the developed nations.
10. Globalization helps in increase of demand of products. This in turn increases rate of production. Manufacturers thus, find this profitable and helps in availability of more jobs.
11. Globalization makes the economy of one country dependent on the economy of the other country. Any change in economy one country will affect the other. Thus, governments become more concerned about one another to curb the economical imbalance between them.

 

 

There are some disadvantages of globalization:

 

1. Globalization causes unemployment in industrialized countries because firms move their factories to places where they can get cheaper workers.

2. Globalization may lead to more environmental problems. A company may want to build factories in other countries because environmental laws are not as strict as they are at home. Poor countries in the Third World may have to cut down more trees so that they can sell wood to richer countries.

3. Globalization can lead to financial problems. In the 1970s and 80s countries like Mexico, Thailand, Indonesia or Brazil got a lot of money from investors who hoped they could build up new businesses there. These new companies often didn’t work, so they had to close down and investors pulled out their money.

4. Some of the poorest countries in the world, especially in Africa, may get even poorer. Their population is not as educated as in developed countries and they don’t have the new technology that we do.

Groupe 1 @ Paris PPMBD – China media: Climate change

Image

Please read below an interesting article linked the problem of climate change with the impact of globalization, especially in China the government met a big challenge of  improving the living condition for the public with the sustainable economic growth.

Chinese cities are among the most polluted in the world

Media criticise the West for not “assuming its responsibilities” on climate change, amid a major UN meeting on the issue

Vice-Premier Zhang Gaoli told a UN summit on Tuesday that Beijing wanted emissions to peak as soon as possible, without giving a timescale.

Speaking at the same forum, US President Barack Obama said climate change was moving faster than efforts to address it, and the US and China had a responsibility to lead other nations.

Commenting on a Global Carbon Project report showing that China’s per capita carbon emissions have surpassed those of the European Union, theChina Daily notes that the report “does not tell the whole story”.

“China and the EU cannot be compared in such a simple way, given their different stages of development and economic situation,” Zou Ji, a professor at the National Centre for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation, tells the paper.

According to him, the EU has produced more cumulative emissions per capita than China since the industrial revolution.

Echoing similar views, Xinhua news agency publishes several commentaries that criticise the West for “hyping up” China’s status as the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter.

“The climate peril the human race is facing right now is not just an outcome of the industrial growth of developing countries, most of which only started several decades ago,” it argues.

The agency adds that along with globalisation, developed countries are also transferring more carbon emissions to the developing world by “shifting their high energy consuming and polluting industries”.

“It is highly advisable for those developed countries to stop pointing fingers at China and other developing countries, and start to realistically assume their due and unshakable responsibilities,” says the article.

In another commentary, Xinhua blames the West for “creating trouble” in order to obstruct the progress of negotiations and warns Western countries not to engage in “climate hegemony”.

“The West has enthusiastically pointed a finger at developing countries including China, but has totally ignored its promises and responsibilities… Some Western countries should stop acting as a climate hegemony but co-operate with developing countries to find a solution,” it says.

‘Consultative democracy’

As students continue to hold pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong, mainland papers discuss the concept of “consultative democracy” after President Xi Jinping highlighted it as a “unique way to foster consensus among people”.

Mr Xi made the remark on Sunday during a meeting to mark the 65th anniversary of the national political advisory body, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), state media report.

He pointed out that “democracy is not a decoration” and promised that the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the government would consult as many people as possible on as many issues as possible.

“What Mr Xi means is China’s CPPCC, as the political advisory body, plays the role of providing political advice for the government to make key policies and its people’s congress, as the legislative body, plays the role of a watchdog over the government,” notes the English-language China Daily.

Stating that there are no perfect democratic institutions, the daily adds that the national legislature, China’s People’s Congress, and CPPCC institutions “are the choice the Chinese people have made” and that the institutions “will constantly improve and better serve the people’s need for democracy and political freedom”.

The People’s Daily agrees by saying that “consultative democracy is a form of democracy created by the people of China”.

“In a socialist country with a huge population and a vast territory like ours, the governing bodies hold wide discussions with the people internally, brainstorm for ideas, seek unity of opinion and reach a consensus… This reflects the fact that the people are the masters of the country,” says the paper.

And finally, some media outlets voice support for a court’s decision to sentence a prominent Uighur scholar, Ilham Tohti, to life imprisonment, a move strongly condemned by rights groups and the US.

An article in the Chinese edition of the Global Times hails the court’s decision, saying that Mr Tohti “deserves it”.

Describing the outcome as “another significant achievement” in the fight against terror, the commentary states that the court proceeded in a “clear and standardised manner”, and had protected the rights of both the defendant and the prosecutor.

“Ilham Tohti is a preacher and a teacher. He should have a clear understanding of his responsibility but what he did goes not only against the morality of the teaching profession but is also a serious violation of the law,” says the paper. It accuses the scholar of writing articles that were intended to break up the country.

Article Source:
BBC NEWS China: “China media Climate change” By BBC Monitoring,

Group 41@Sophia Globalization Pros And Cons Globalization

Globalization has primarily become a fiscal term but its impact is not limited to the economy of the countries only, the term globalization actually refers to every aspect of life-like cultural, social, psychological and of course, political.

The Globalization is based on the Free Trade. It permits the free circulation and exchange between people and products. This phenomenon creates more employment and higher standard of living, especially among the developing countries. Theories suggest that globalization leads to efficient use of resources and benefits all who are involved. So, according to libertarians, globalization will help the world to deal with crises like unemployment and poverty. But it’s not the conclusion of everybody.

There are many advantages and disadvantages of globalization. Some of these good and bad points of this worldwide phenomenon are discussed below:

Advantages of Globalization

–          Creation of a worldwide market for the companies and for the customers. There is a better access to products from different countries.

–          There is a steady cash flow into the developing countries, which gradually decreases the dollar difference.

–          Due to the presence of a worldwide market, there is an increase in the production sector and there are lots of options for investments for different companies.

–          Gradually there a world power is being created. Politics is merging and decisions that are being taken which are actually beneficial to people all over the world.

–          The influx of information between two countries increases

–          Cultural intermingling increases

–          Corporate and governments are trying to sort out ecological problems for each other.

–          More open and tolerant towards each other

–          Technological development. Thus, helping in sharing of information and technology. This helps most of the developing nation’s progress at the same speed as the developed nations.

–          Globalization helps in increase of demand of products.

–          Interaction between economies: Any change in economy one country will affect the other. Thus, governments become more concerned about one another to curb the economical imbalance between them.

Disadvantages of Globalization

–          Many people from developed nations are losing jobs because the companies are outsourcing work to developing countries where the cost of labor is low

–          Pressure on the employed people of developed countries who are always under the threat of their jobs being outsourced.

–          Transferring the quality to other countries.

–          The free migration of people generates communicable diseases and social degeneration.

–          Threat of corporate ruling the world because there is a lot of power and money invested by them due to globalization.

–          May lead to loss of cultural identity as Western ideas are always imposed upon the Eastern thoughts.

Globalization has strengthened the nexus between the states and has helped us to know each other’s need in a better way. It has helped to demolish those walls that separated us and curbed our natural identity of being individualist. Indeed, Globalization makes the world better. The question is how prepared are we to face all the pros and cons of this global change.